Guayusa

After doing some research on what additional “crops” we should have growing we decided to go for the guayusa tree.

While guayusa is endemic to the Upper Amazon regions of Ecuador, Peru, and Colombia, it is estimated that over 98% of the guayusa trees in the world are located in Ecuador.

Guayusa Tea is much better than coffee and in Ecuador it’s used to replace Yerba Mate’, which is a powerful stimulant that’s popular in South America. Guayusa drink consumption resembles that of yerba mate ( Ilex paraguariensis A. St. – Hil.) in the southern regions of South America, although guayusa is boiled in a separate pot and only the water mixture is served, rather than being prepared in the gourd as is common with yerba mate.

transporting Guayusa seedling with the pickup to the PermaTree farm in Ecuador

History and origin of the Guayusa

Guayusa was collected more than 1000 years ago by the natives of the Ecuadorian Amazonian rainforest, today it is considered the best natural energizer without causing secondary effects in humans.

In ancient times, people prayed for a plant that would teach them how to dream… These twins canoed down a river on a quest to find this plant, woke up in the middle of the night, and this spirit village had manifested on the other side of the river. They went to this palace and went up a staircase to the heavens, where they saw all of their ancestors, generation after generation. These ancestors gifted them this plant and said, “This is a plant that can help your people and connect you to the dream world.” When they woke up in the morning, they still had the physical plant. They took it back to their community and guayusa became a central part of their culture.

Ready to be transplanted Guayusa seedlings at PermaTree Ecuador

Guayusa is one of three caffeinated holly trees that exist in the world, and is a distant cousin of Yerba Maté (ilex paraguariensis). Guayusa leaves have a smooth ribbed edge, similar to the distinctive shape of a holly tree leaf (but without the spikes). Very large in size, guayusa leaves can reach over 15 cm in length (about as long as your hand). Guayusa trees can reach a height of over 10 meter and live to be over 100 years old. They tend to produce lots of small trunks on one bush, and therefore are full of leaves (perfect for harvesting).

transporting Guayusa seedlings PermaTree Ecuador

The Guayusa contains 50% more antioxidants than green tea and is full of polyphenols, flavonoids, and saponins. These compounds in guayusa offer a range of holistic health benefits from calming the nervous system to cardiovascular health.

Guayusa seedlings PermaTree Ecuador

Guayusa belongs to the only extant genus of the family Aquifoliaceae that contains 600 species, of which ca. 300 species can be found in the Neotropics.

Nearly all records for guayusa are associated with current or abandoned cultivation sites.

Guayusa also contains theobromine which is also found in chocolate which is a powerful antioxidant and a vasodilator which opens up the lungs… and it’s a stimulant and a diuretic.

Guayusa PermaTree Ecuador

Domesticated guayusa individuals can grow to an average of 10 m high and present a multitude of stems that measure 2 to15 cm at breast height. When mature and if unmanaged, guayusa individuals can reach a height of approximately 25m and a stem diameter of approximately 50 cm at breast height. Guayusa is a dioecious species.

Despite the presence of seeds, guayusa is only known to reproduce asexually by human planting of the leafless hardwood stem cuttings extracted from the base of a stock plant. Like several other species within the genus, guayusa leaves have been found to contain alkaloids (e.g., caffeine and theobromine).

transporting abono de chivo for the Guayusa plants

Colonials and the Guayusa

Guayusa also appears in numerous colonial accounts. Father Juan Lorenzo Lucero noted in1682 that Jivaroan groups consumed Banisteriopsis caapi (a hallucinogenic vine known as yagé or ayahuasca ), B guañusa,  and tobacco in infusions(Schultes 1979). In the 18th century, Father José Berrutieta, the head priest at Santa Rosa mission in Colombia, noted multiple beneficial health qualities of guayusa drink, including its use as a remedy for venereal diseases, B cleansing the blood, ^ improving digestion and appetite, and strengthening the body.He also observed that women drank guayusa with honey to increase fertility. The Jesuits also transported guayusa leaves from their missions and sold them as medicine in Quito. Indeed, guayusa use appears to have declined significantly after the Jesuits were expelled in 1766 (Patiño 1968).

  

Guayusa Seedlings being transported, PermaTree, Ecuador

Guayusa Superfood – Superleaf

Guayusa Tea is also called a Superfood because it contains an amazing amount of powerful antioxidants. Only raw cacao powder has more antioxidants than Guayusa tea. In fact Guayusa contains more antioxidants than acai berries, goji berries, black berries, blue berries, and even kale. And Guayusa Tea even has 50% more antioxidants than green tea powerful!

Cultivated Ilex guayusa in Ecuador

Cultivated Ilex guayusa in Canton Zamora Chinchipe, Ecuador. Photo credits: PermaTree

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