Fauna Biodiversity PermaTree Ecuador

PermaTree Area Fauna Biodiversity

The current state (from March 2016 to December 2018) of all the photographed bio diverse fauna at finca PermaTree. Located in the southeastern region of Ecuador, alongside the Cóndor Cordillera at the edge of the Andes mountain range and the Amazon River Basin in Ecuador. More basic farm information about PermaTree – here / GPS coordinates of Finca PermaTree. Most used device to photograph the fauna where 1. Smartphones 2. Digital bridge cameras 3. Solar Trail Cameras –  so the quality may vary a lot.

Biodiversity’s Importance

All species are interconnected. They depend on one another. Forests provide homes for animals. Animals eat plants. The plants need healthy soil to grow. Fungi help decompose organisms to fertilize the soil. Bees and other insects carry pollen from one plant to another, which enables the plants to reproduce. With less biodiversity, these connections weaken and sometimes break, harming all the species in the ecosystem.

Monitoring Fauna Biodiversity at PermaTree

It’s going to be a working progress regarding all the correct English and Scientific naming, so we can use any one who is interested in helping out / contributing with their knowledge of fauna. We believe this is a key pillar as holistic permaculture farm to be monitoring our local environment and understand the occurring changes and if needed what actions we undertake to improve the status quo.

So far we have been able to identity –  Amphibians (Frog, Crab), Reptiles (Snakes, Lizards, Geckos, Iguana), Grasshoppers, Mantises (Praying Mantis), Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) and lost of birds (Parrot, Tucan, Hummingbirds, Woodpecker, etc), Spiders (Araneae), Scorpion, Dragon Fly, Caterpillars, Hymenoptera (Ants), Wasps, Flies and Bees, Moskitos, Mammals (Rabbit, Armadillo, Peccary, Agouti), more Insects, Beetles and Bugs.

Birds

 Dwarf Blue-Headed Parrot (Pionus Sordidus)

Pionus Sordidus - Dwarf Blue-Headed Parrot Pionus Sordidus - Dwarf Blue-Headed Parrot

Lineated Woodpecker (Dryocopus lineatus)

Lineated Woodpecker, Dryocopus lineatus Lineated Woodpecker, Dryocopus lineatus

Blue-gray Tanager (Thraupis episcopus)

Blue-gray Tanager, Thraupis episcopus  Thraupis episcopus - Blue Bird Thraupis episcopus - Blue Bird

The blue-gray tanager is a medium-sized South American songbird of the tanager family, Thraupidae. Its range is from Mexico south to northeast Bolivia and northern Brazil, all of the Amazon Basin, except the very south. It has been introduced to Lima. On Trinidad and Tobago, this bird is called blue jean.


Turquoise Dacnis (Dacnis hartlaubi)

Turquoise Dacnis (Dacnis hartlaubi) Turquoise Dacnis (Dacnis hartlaubi)


Yellow-rumped cacique (Cacicus cela)

Yellow-rumped cacique (Cacicus cela) Yellow-rumped cacique (Cacicus cela)

The yellow-rumped cacique (Cacicus cela) is a passerine bird in the New World family Icteridae. It breeds in much of northern South America from Panama and Trinidad south to Peru, Bolivia and central Brazil. The song of the male yellow-rumped cacique is a brilliant mixture of fluting notes with cackles, wheezes and sometimes mimicry. There are also many varied calls, and an active colony can be heard from a considerable distance. In Peruvian folklore, this species – like other caciques and oropendolas – is called paucar, or – referring to this species only – paucarcillo (“little paucar”). This species is apparently the paucar that, according to a folktale of Moyobamba, originated as a rumor-mongering boy who always wore black pants and a yellow jacket. When he spread an accusation against an old woman who was a fairy in disguise, she turned him into a noisy, wandering bird. The bird’s appearance is thought to augur good news.


Crested oropendola (Psarocolius Decumanus)

Fauna: Crested oropendola (Psarocolius Decumanus) Fauna: Crested oropendola (Psarocolius Decumanus) Psarocolius Decumanus - Crested oropendola

The crested oropendola also known as the Suriname crested oropendola or the cornbird (Psarocolius decumanus) is a New World tropical icterid bird. It is a resident breeder in lowland South America east of the Andes, from Panama and Colombia south to northern Argentina, as well as on Trinidad and Tobago.It is a common bird, seen alone or in small flocks foraging in trees for large insects, fruit and some nectar. The male is 46 cm long and weighs 300 g; the smaller female is 37 cm long and weighs 180 g. The plumage of the crested oropendola has a musty smell due to the oil from the preen gland. Adult males are mainly black with a chestnut rump and a tail which is bright yellow apart from two dark central feathers. There is a long narrow crest which is often difficult to see. The iris is blue and the long bill is whitish. Females are similar but smaller, duller, and crestless. The crested oropendola inhabits forest edges and clearings. It is a colonial breeder which builds a hanging woven nest, more than 125 cm long, high in a tree. It lays two blotched blue-grey eggs which hatch in 15–19 days, with another 24–36 days to fledging.


Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo)

Fauna: Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo), PermaTree, Ecuador Silver-beaked Tanager (Ramphocelus carbo)

The silver-beaked tanager (Ramphocelus carbo) is a medium-sized passerine bird. This tanager is a resident breeder in South America from eastern Colombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and central Brazil, Perú and on Trinidad. Silver-beaked tanagers are 18 centimetres long and weigh 25 grams. Adult males are velvety crimson black with a deep crimson throat and breast. The upper mandible of the bill is black, but the enlarged lower mandible is bright silver in appearance. The bill is pointed upwards in display. The female is much duller, with brownish upperparts, reddish brown underparts and a black bill. These are social birds which eat mainly fruit, but insects are also taken. The silver-beaked tanager is often seen in groups of six to ten, frequently giving a call described as cheeng. Its song is a slow thin kick-wick.


Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata)

Fauna: Rufous-tailed hummingbird (Amazilia tzacatl) Fauna: Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata)Fauna: Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata) Fauna: Glittering-throated Emerald (Amazilia fimbriata)

Hummingbirds Fauna: Hummingbird

Hummingbirds are birds native to the Americas and constitute the biological family Trochilidae. They are known as hummingbirds because of the humming sound created by their beating wings which flap at high frequencies audible to humans. They hover in mid-air at rapid wing-flapping rates, which vary from around 12 beats per second in the largest species, to in excess of 80 in some of the smallest. Of those species that have been measured in wind tunnels, their top speed exceeds 15 m/s (54 km/h) and some species can dive at speeds in excess of 22 m/s (79 km/h).


Amazonian Grey Saltator (Saltator coerulescens)

Amazonian Grey Saltator (Saltator coerulescens) Amazonian Grey Saltator (Saltator coerulescens)

The greyish saltator (Saltator coerulescens) is a seed-eating songbird that is widespread in the tropical Americas. On average, the greyish saltator is 20 cm long and weighs 52 g. The plumage depends on age and subspecies, but in general this bird has grey or greyish-olive upperparts, a white stripe over the eye, a narrow white throat, a grey breast and a buff or cinnamon belly.


Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus)

Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus) Fauna: Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus)   Fauna: Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus) Fauna: Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus) Fauna: Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus) Fauna: Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus) Fauna: Violaceous jay (Cyanocorax Violaceus)


Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)

Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) Fauna: Social Flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis)

The social flycatcher (Myiozetetes similis) is a passerine bird from the Americas, a member of the large tyrant flycatcher family (Tyrannidae). They like to perch openly in trees, several meters above ground. From such perches they will sally out for considerable distances to catch insects in flight, to which purpose they utilize a range of aerobatic maneuvers. They also regularly hover and glean for prey and small berries—e.g. from gumbo-limbo (Bursera simaruba), which they seek out and also utilize in human-modified habitat such as secondary forest or urban parks and gardens—and will pick off prey from the ground and even enter shallow waters to feed on aquatic invertebrates, tadpoles and occasionally small fish.


Collared Araçari (Pteroglossus torquatus) Toucan

Collared Araçari (Pteroglossus torquatus) Toucan

The collared aracari or collared araçari (Pteroglossus torquatus) is a toucan, a near-passerine bird. It breeds from southern Mexico to Panama; also Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela and Costa Rica. Like other toucans, the collared aracari is brightly marked and has a large bill. The sexes are alike in appearance, with a black head and chest and dark olive green upperparts, apart from a red rump and upper tail. There is reddish collar on the rear neck which gives rise to the English and scientific (torquatus) names. The underparts are bright yellow, with a round black spot in the centre of the breast and a red-tinted black band across the belly. The thighs are chestnut. This species is primarily an arboreal fruit-eater, but will also take insects, lizards, eggs, and other small prey.


Yellow-tufted woodpecker (Melanerpes cruentatus)

The yellow-tufted woodpecker is a species of woodpecker. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.


Palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum)

Fauna: palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum) Fauna: palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum) Fauna: palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum) Fauna: palm tanager (Thraupis palmarum)

The palm tanager is a medium-sized passerine bird. This tanager is a resident breeder from Nicaragua south to Bolivia, Paraguay and southern Brazil. It also breeds on Trinidad and, since 1962, on Tobago. In Trinidad and Tobago, it is known by colloquial names such as the “palmiste” and the “green jean”.


Blue-necked tanager (Tangara cyanicollis)

Fauna: Blue-necked tanager (Tangara cyanicollis) Blue-necked tanager (Tangara cyanicollis)

The blue-necked tanager is a species of bird in the family Thraupidae. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and heavily degraded former forest.


Streak-headed woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)

Fauna: Streak-headed woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii) Fauna: Streak-headed woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii)

The streak-headed woodcreeper (Lepidocolaptes souleyetii) is a passerine bird which breeds in the tropical New World from southern Mexico to northwestern Peru, northern Brazil and Guyana, and also on Trinidad. This woodcreeper is found in lowlands up to 1,500 m (4,900 ft) altitude, although normally below 900 m (3,000 ft), in damp light woodland, plantations, gardens, and clearings with trees. It builds a leaf-lined nest 4.5 to 24 m (15 to 79 ft) up in a tree cavity, or sometimes an old woodpecker hole, and lays two white eggs. The streak-headed woodcreeper feeds on spiders and insects, creeping up trunks and extracting its prey from the bark or mosses. It is normally seen alone or in a pair and unlike spot-crowned, rarely joins mixed-species feeding flocks.


Unknown Bird Species

 



Reptiles

Iguana Iguana

Iguana Iguana Iguana Iguana

Gecko

Lagartija Espinosa – Spiny Lizard

Lagartija Espinosa - Spiny Lizard


Amphibians

Striking Yellow-Black Rain Frog (Dendropsophus rhodopeplus) Ranita bandeada

Striking Yellow-Black Rain Frog (Dendropsophus rhodopeplus) Ranita bandeada Striking Yellow-Black Rain Frog (Dendropsophus rhodopeplus) Ranita bandeada

 


Freshwater Crab

Freshwater crabs are found throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world. They live in a wide range of water bodies, from fast-flowing rivers to swamps, as well as in tree boles or caves. They are primarily nocturnal, emerging to feed at night; most are omnivores, although a small number are specialist predators, such as Platythelphusa armata from Lake Tanganyika, which feeds almost entirely on snails. Some species provide important food sources for various vertebrates. A number of freshwater crabs are secondary hosts of flukes in the genus Paragonimus, which causes paragonimiasis in humans. The majority of species are narrow endemics, occurring in only a small geographical area.


Mantises

Praying Mantis

 Mantis Religiosa carolina mantis 

Mantis

   

Grasshoppers

Yellow Striped Grasshopper (Tropidacris cf cristata)      Fauna: Grasshopper Fauna: Grasshopper Fauna: Tiny Green Grasshopper


Monkey- or Matchstick Grasshoppers (Eumastacidae)

Monkey- or matchstick grasshopper (Eumastacidae) Monkey- or matchstick grasshopper (Eumastacidae)

Eumastacidae are a family of grasshoppers sometimes known as monkey- or matchstick grasshoppers. They usually have thin legs that are held folded at right angles to the body, sometimes close to the horizontal plane. Many species are wingless and the head is at an angle with the top of the head often jutting above the line of the thorax and abdomen. They have three segmented tarsi and have a short antenna with a knobby organ at the tip. They do not have a prosternal spine or tympanum. Most species are tropical and the diversity is greater in the Old World. They are considered primitive within the Orthoptera and feed on algae, ferns and gymnosperms, the more ancient plant groups. The families Chorotypidae and Morabidae were formerly included in this group as subfamilies but are now considered as families within the Eumastacoidea. With the exception of the central Asian Gomphomastacinae, all other subfamilies are restricted to South America.


  Grasshopper     Fauna: giant grasshopper   

Snakes

Black-collared Snake (aka Amazon egg eater; Drepanoides anomalous) Falsa ratonera

Black-collared Snake (aka Amazon egg eater; Drepanoides anomalous) Falsa ratonera Black-collared Snake (aka Amazon egg eater; Drepanoides anomalous) Falsa ratonera


Yellow-bellied Puffing Snake (Spilotes Sulphureus aka Pseustes sulphureus)

  

Aka Pseustes sulphureus, commonly known as the yellow-bellied puffing snake, is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is endemic to South America. P. sulphureus is a large snake, which can grow up to 3 metres (9.8 ft) in total length (including tail). Adults of P. sulphureus feed on small mammals and birds, while juveniles feed on lizards, mice and rats.


Rainbow Boa (Epicrates cenchria)

Rainbow Boa (Epicrates cenchria) Rainbow Boa (Epicrates cenchria)Rainbow Boa (Epicrates cenchria) Rainbow Boa (Epicrates cenchria)

Epicrates cenchria is a boa species endemic to Central and South America. Common names include the rainbow boa, and slender boa. A terrestrial species, it is known for its attractive iridescent/holographic sheen caused by structural coloration. Nine subspecies are currently recognized, including the nominate subspecies.


 


False Coral (Oxyrhopus petola)

False Coral (Oxyrhopus petola) False Coral (Oxyrhopus petola) False Coral (Oxyrhopus petola) False Coral (Oxyrhopus petola) False Coral (Oxyrhopus petola) Fauna: snake false coral Fauna: False Coral Snake

Oxyrhopus petola, commonly known as the false coral or calico snake, is a species of colubrid snake endemic to South America. O. petolarius is rear-fanged, and its venom is extremely toxic to anole lizards. O. petolarius feeds on lizards, frogs, small rodents, birds, and probably other snakes.


Hoja Podrida (Bothrops atrox)

 

Bothrops atrox — also known as the common lancehead, fer-de-lance, barba amarilla and mapepire balsain — is a venomous pit viper species found in the tropical lowlands of northern South America east of the Andes. The color pattern is highly variable, including a ground color that may be olive, brown, tan, gray, yellow, or (rarely) rusty. The body markings are highly variable, as is the degree of contrast: in some specimens the pattern is very well defined, while in others it may be virtually absent. In general, however, the body pattern consists of a series of dorsolateral blotches, rectangular or trapezoidal in shape, which extend from the first scale row to the middle of the back. These blotches may oppose or alternate across the midline, often fusing to form bands. They also have pale borders, which in some cases may be prominent, and may be invaded from below by tan or gray pigment, occasionally dividing them into pairs of ventrolateral spots. The belly may be white, cream or yellowish gray, with an increasing amount of gray to black mottling posteriorly that may fade again under the tail. The head usually does not have any markings other than a moderately wide postocular stripe that runs from behind the eye back to the angle of the mouth. The iris is gold or bronze, with varying amounts of black reticulation, while the tongue is black. Although generally terrestrial, it is also an excellent swimmer and even climbs trees when necessary to reach prey. Generally nocturnal, it may forage at any time of the day, though, if necessary. These snakes are also easily agitated.

These snakes are known to search for rodents in coffee and banana plantations. Workers there are often bitten by the snakes, which can lie camouflaged for hours, nearly undetectable, and strike with high speed. Their venom consists mostly of hemotoxin, a toxic protein that affects the circulatory and nervous system; it destroys red blood cells, and sometimes loss of memory occurs. They are much feared because their venom is particularly lethal and fast acting. Presently, treatment is usually possible if the victim receives medical attention soon enough. Commonly, bites from this snake cause symptoms including nausea, blackouts, and paralysis. In almost all cases, temporary and sometimes permanent loss of local or ‘short term’ memory were reported. Extended hospital stays, as well as weight loss of up to 15 pounds, have also been reported. Venom yield averages 124 milligrams (1.91 gr), although it may be as much as 342 milligrams (5.28 gr). The enzyme reptilase (batroxobin), derived from this snake’s venom, is used in modern medical laboratories to measure fibrinogen levels and blood coagulation capability. The test is considered to be a replacement for thrombin time, and is used when heparin is present in the sample. The enzyme is unaffected by heparin.


Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)

Amarynthos mineria riodinidae

Amarynthos mineria riodinidae

Amarynthis is a monotypic genus of butterflies in the family Riodinidae. Its sole species, Amarynthis meneria, the meneria metalmark, is a common species in lowland rainforests east of the Andes from Venezuela, Suriname and Guyana, south through the Brazilian Amazon to Peru and northern Argentina.

Rothschildia silkmoths


Diaethria clymena nymphalidae 89 o 98 Butterfly

Diaethria clymena nymphalidae 89 o 98 Butterfly  Diaethria clymena nymphalidae 89 o 98 Butterfly 

Diaethria is a brush-footed butterfly genus found in the Neotropical realm, ranging from Mexico to Paraguay.

Species in this genus are commonly called eighty-eights like the related genera Callicore and Perisama, in reference to the characteristic patterns on the hindwing undersides of many. In Diaethria, the pattern consists ofZ black dots surrounded by concentric white and black lines, and typically looks like the numbers “88” or “89”.


Giant Own Butterfly

Fauna: giant owl butterfly (Caligo eurilochus) Fauna owl butterfly Fauna: Giant Owl Butterfly

The owl butterflies, the genus Caligo, are known for their huge eyespots, which resemble owls’ eyes. They are found in the rainforests and secondary forests of Mexico, Central, and South America.

                   Fauna: giant owl butterfly (Caligo eurilochus)   

Bullseye moth. Automeris liberia CRAMER, 1780

Bullseye moth. Automeris liberia CRAMER, 1780 Bullseye moth. Automeris liberia CRAMER, 1780

Pipevine swallowtail butterfly

Pipevine swallowtail butterfly

Battus philenor, the pipevine swallowtail or blue swallowtail, is a swallowtail butterfly found in North America and Central America. This butterfly is black with iridescent-blue hindwings. They are found in many different habitats, but are most commonly found in forests. Caterpillars are often black or red, and feed on compatible plants of the genus Aristolochia. They are known for sequestering acids from the plants they feed on in order to defend themselves from predators by being poisonous when consumed. The adults feed on the nectar of a variety of flowers. Some species of Aristolochia are toxic to the larvae, typically tropical varieties.

     Eueides butterfly  


Caterpillar

        Fauna: Red Caterpillar          



Spiders (Araneae)

Flower Crab Spider (Epicadus heterogaster)

Fauna: Flower Crab Spider (Epicadus heterogaster)

The flower crab spiders (Epicadus heterogaster) attracts and eat insects by disguising themselves as flowers. They can change colors to better match the flower on which they are.


     Tarantula - spider         


Scorpion


Dragon Fly

Fauna: Scarlet dragonfly Fauna: Scarlet dragonfly

Fauna: Green darner (Anax junius) Dragonfly

 Fauna: Dragonfly Libélula (variable dancer)

Crocothemis erythraea is a species of dragonfly in the family Libellulidae. Its common names include broad scarlet, common scarlet-darter, scarlet darter and scarlet dragonfly


Green Ladybug

           


Hymenoptera (Ants)

    


Termites

Termites are among the most successful groups of insects on Earth, colonizing most landmasses except Antarctica. Their colonies range in size from a few hundred individuals to enormous societies with several million individuals. Termites are a delicacy in the diet of some human cultures and are used in many traditional medicines. Several hundred species are economically significant as pests that can cause serious damage to buildings, crops, or plantation forests.

Termites Termites


Wasps, Flies and Bees

     Fauna: Hoverfly (Diptera) Tabano 


Cuckoo Wasp (Chrysididae)

Fauna: Cuckoo Wasp (Chrysididae)

Commonly known as cuckoo wasps or emerald wasps, the hymenopteran family Chrysididae is a very large cosmopolitan group of parasitoid or kleptoparasitic wasps, often highly sculptured, with brilliant metallic colors created by structural coloration.


Bees

Bee Fauna: Bee

Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, known for their role in pollination and, in the case of the best-known bee species, the western honey bee, for producing honey and beeswax. Bees range in size from tiny stingless bee species whose workers are less than 2 millimetres (0.08 in) long, to Megachile pluto, the largest species of leafcutter bee, whose females can attain a length of 39 millimetres (1.54 in). The most common bees in the Northern Hemisphere are the Halictidae, or sweat bees, but they are small and often mistaken for wasps or flies.


Melipona (stingless honey bees)

Melipona (stingless honey bees) Melipona (stingless honey bees)

The stingless bees Melipona local is a genus of stingless bees, widespread in warm areas of the Neotropics (Latin American) Stingless bees, sometimes called stingless honey bees or simply meliponines, are a large group of bees (about 500 species), comprising the tribe Meliponini (or subtribe Meliponina according to other authors). They belong in the family Apidae, and are closely related to common honey bees, carpenter bees, orchid bees, and bumblebees. Meliponines have stingers, but they are highly reduced and cannot be used for defense, though these bees exhibit other defensive behaviors and mechanisms. Meliponines are not the only type of “stingless” bee; all male bees and many female bees of several other families, such as Andrenidae, also cannot sting.


Moskitos

Moskitos - helicopter like hovering moskito with feather Moskitos - helicopter like hovering moskito with feather Moskito


Cicadas (cicadidae)

Fauna: Cicadas (cicadidae) Fauna: Cicadas (cicadidae)


Mammals

Rabbit

Rabbit Rabbit


Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) Source Wikipedia - Armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)

Armadillos are New World placental mammals in the order Cingulata with a leathery armour shell. About nine extant genera and 21 extant species of armadillo have been described, some of which are distinguished by the number of bands on their armour. Their average length is about 75 cm (30 in), including tail. The giant armadillo grows up to 150 cm (59 in) and weighs up to 54 kg (119 lb), while the pink fairy armadillo is a diminutive species, with an overall length of 13–15 cm (5–6 in). All species are native to the Americas, where they inhabit a variety of different environments. Recent genetic research suggests that an extinct group of giant armoured mammals, the glyptodonts, should be included within the lineage of armadillos, having diverged some 35 million years ago, much more recently than previously assumed.


Peccary (Wild Spiked Boar)

Peccary (Wild Spiked Boar) Peccary (Wild Spiked Boar)

A peccary (also javelina or skunk pig) is a medium-sized pig-like hoofed mammal of the family Tayassuidae (New World pigs). They are found throughout Central and South America and in the southwestern area of North America. Peccaries usually measure between 90 and 130 cm (3.0 and 4.3 ft) in length, and a full-grown adult usually weighs about 20 to 40 kg (44 to 88 lb).


Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) – Guatusa

Central American Agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) - Guatusa Source: Wikipedia

The Central American agouti (Dasyprocta punctata) is a species of agouti from the family Dasyproctidae.[2] The main portion of its range is from Chiapas and the Yucatan Peninsula (southern Mexico), through Central America, to northwestern Ecuador, Colombia and far western Venezuela. A highly disjunct population is found in southeastern Peru, far southwestern Brazil, Bolivia, western Paraguay and far northwestern Argentina. The disjunct population has been treated as a separate species, the brown agouti (Dasyprocta variegata),[3] but a major review of the geographic variation is necessary.[2] The Central American agouti has also been introduced to Cuba, Bahamas, Jamaica, Hispaniola and the Cayman Islands.


Other Insects

Machaca amazonica (Fulgora laternaria)

Machaca amazonica (Fulgora laternaria)

The fulgorid insect Fulgora laternaria (often misspelled “lanternaria”), is a planthopper known by a large variety of common names including lantern fly, peanut bug, peanut-headed lanternfly, alligator bug, machaca, chicharra-machacuy, cocoposa (in Spanish) and jequitiranaboia (in the Amazon region).


New World Screw Worm (Cochliomyia) flesh eating screwworm

 New World Screw Worm (Cochliomyia) flesh eating screwworm Source: Wikipedia

Cochliomyia is a genus in the family Calliphoridae, known as blowflies, in the order Diptera. Cochliomyia is commonly referred to as the New World Screwworm Flies, as distinct from Old World Screw Worm Flies. Four species are in this genus: C. macellaria, C. hominivorax, C. aldrichi, and C. minima.[2][3] C. hominivorax is known as the primary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis and feed on living tissue. This feeding causes deep, pocket-like lesions in the skin, which can be very damaging to the animal host. C. macellaria is known as the secondary screwworm because its larvae produce myiasis, but feed only on necrotic tissue. This species is forensically important because it is often associated with dead bodies and carcasses. Both C. hominivorax and C. macellaria thrive in warm, tropical areas. The New World screwworm fly shares many characteristics of the common house fly.


Snail


Beetles and Bugs

 avocado tree bark eating insect bug     

Challenges – as first time Chicken Owners

Why Chickens?

The main interest of having free-range chickens at our organic farm was, to have real and own organic eggs as food nutrition and the chicken dug for soil fertilizer.

How to start?
But as we were – without knowledge about raising chickens. It was a completely new experience.

First, of course, we were talking to local people about what chicken’s needs are. Most feed them with corn (GMO grains or amendments) or “Balanceado” how they call it, the industrial produced fodder for chickens. So we decided to start with corn and organic matter from the kitchen.

Free-range onto busy streets!
Most chickens, in Latin America, running around free, not like we used to see – behind fences. So, chickens are even walking dangerously on to the road, because people just have their houses there. Poor chicken, without knowing of their chances to run over by a vehicle.

Fence yes or no?
For the start, we decided to put them behind a fence because people also told us there are wild animals which eats chickens. And as our farm is a bit outside in the Amazon region, there are wild animals living and having their home at our farm. The spot, is not fare from our house, above the shower, with a little tree to give them shade. And the tree gives them also a place to sleep when they climb up for bedtime – when the sun gets down around 06:15 p.m.

So our 1.50m fence was built and a ruff house out of wooden and bamboo piece was there too a little water pot from the hardware store – ready!

Beginning and building of the chicken fence.

Time to get chickens!
Now it’s time to buy chickens! The first two, where given for free from neighbors. An other one we bought somewhere. Two others we bought again from someone else and two little ones have been joined a bit later too.

First impression
The first thing which I noticed about chickens was, they all have their own characters. And second, they had a hard involving time to the new mixed clan because there were too many strangers around. They were fighting about the boss role and because the rooster was still too young, to take over this role, the hens where trying hard to get this position. Which was a busy and unsettled atmosphere.

The second thing was, they escaped over the fence. Just flew over and one disappeared in to the woods without turning back. One less! From there we made the fence double the height. So people advised us, rather to cut wings for less escapes by air. Which we did, except for one. The one, which is still alive today, but more about that later.

Higher chicken fence, like it is today.

Time passed but no eggs.
We were now caring well for our new folks but they did not lay eggs! What did we wrong? We asked for advice. We have to give them more free space; they don’t lay eggs when there behind fenced. Well, in Europe or other countries they are also behind fences and do lay eggs – but anyway let’s try it. It might not hurt, we thought.

Free range, the wolf wasn’t far.
So we let them out watched them happily picking around and thought; well then, let’s leave them for a while outside. But not much time passed and our dog, which we had to give away because of this problem, started to hunt our chickens! First, he attacked the little one. Later he found a way to enter, in to the fence and every morning, we saw him inside the fence, with his greedy eyes, by the chickens! Because we cut them the wings, it was very easy for him to finally hunt all the chickens one by one. One morning there was only one chicken to see which was outside the fence – escaped! The escaped one which we did not cut the wings survived with a big shock!

1.50m chicken fence (beginning) and the wolf by my side!

Hero chicken survivor!

Electric fence for the wolf
From that day on, we connected the fence with electricity and bought a few new chickens. Let’s start from scratch, then! The fence worked! crying voice of our dog was to hear when he touched the fence. But that wasn’t a big deal for him, if not at home then I go to the neighbors and hunt what I can. He killed like 30 chickens around the neighborhood and we had to come up for the mess, which wasn’t cheap. At the same day, we sadly had to give him away because we did not wanted a dog who is hunting all the time or has to stay forever at the leash! We found a new family for him and the busy days got calmed down!

What’s the treasure about having chickens laying eggs?
But we still didn’t figure why our chickens do not lay eggs. It was more like every now and one there was an egg in the nest but not like others experiences are talking, one egg per hen. We kept them in the fence and continued feeding them well. People advised us to give them more corn and onions – then they start laying. Well we did that but not much changed. Then we thought, it might be the nests they don’t like, it might be too small for them? We designed a new house with bigger nests and renewed it. What an effort for these chickens!

Challenge of the new chicken house.
But then we had the problem that they didn’t figured the way in because to enter the house they had to excess from the bottom, below the house. Which they weren’t used to do it. We tried to help with little stairs but didn’t helped. We pimped then the house, closed the holes below and made a new big entrance from the side. That was much easier. They started to enter, with the help of spreading corn.

New chicken house with side entrance.

New chicken house with side entrance.

New chicken house under the tree which grow big!

New house but where are the eggs?
But still, there was not much encouragement on laying eggs. But then, one day, I talked to another neighbor, she has also chickens and I was wondering what’s the missing part. She showed me then, that she had always one egg left in the nest. Doesn’t matter if real or a dummy, just has to be the same size and shape like an egg. Must be something psychological, I thought. So we bought some of these cheap eggs and placed 3 in two of the boxes. And viola, it worked! What a success! One just started with her production, that worked well.

Today
Meanwhile, we have two dogs which are not hunting, and we thought you know, now we could actually give it a other try and let them out, free-range. Every morning, we open their gate and they walk happily around. Worked very well! The rooster in front and the clan behind – which is a good sign. The clan has a good vibration they know each other now. Once because we bought them from the same neighbor. Except the one which survived and another one who had promising potential to lay eggs. They told us, but until now not really productive. Anyways, we have happy chickens and even a Jung one from our own breed!

Free-range for our chickens, they like to be near the house.

Chicks – YEY, one survived!
There was a time, one of our hen started to sit permanently on her eggs. Just for food she left her nest and we realized that there is a potential for chicks. After about 20 days the first young chick hatched out of the egg. So exciting!

Chicks with mother. The white one survived.

The chick today.

On the end there were four chicks but only one survived. One drowned in the water pool we had set up. One just in the nest and another one behind the chicken house. Was kind a frustrating because we did not know what occurred. But the only one which survived is still alive and is growing well to a hen! I hope they breed again!

Welcome: Lobo and Oso

Yesterday we visited the “RESCATE ANIMAL CUENCA” A Non-Profit Organization located in the colonial center of ‪‎Cuenca‬.

We now are proud daddies to two adopted local abandoned and rescued street dogs from Cuenca.

Very long travel yesterday for the dogs and us from Cuenca to El Pangui‬ but now the dogs are well and happy and chilling. OSO 11 month old male and LOBO is a 18th month old male which deserve to explore and discover nature now with us and our project reforestation food forest PermaTree which will start very soon now. We are very thankful and believe that dog adoption is the better solution than “buying” puppies.

Btina Lobo Oso 2016 jardin Lobo transporte Oso transporte Lobo y Oso jardin Lobo y Oso 2016