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Reforestation status with Bamboo – July 2020

Bamboo Reforestation in July 2020. This is the 4th area within the MachuPichu zone we are reforesting with bamboo. Below is a bird-view. We are reforesting zone by zone. It takes some time. Priority are the critical zones first then the rest. (1) Bordering zones – pink circles. (2) Light blue, bottom right (3.) Yellow, bottom left (4) Dark blue, top.

Location: “MachuPichu” zone near the main PermaTree bamboo house at about 900 meters over the sea level. About 50 meters higher that the bamboo house and about 500 meters away.

Bamboo Reforestation at MachuPichu Zone at Permatree in Ecuador.
Bamboo Reforestation at MachuPichu Zone at Permatree in Ecuador.

Highlighted within the photo is the are which has been cleaned of the giant grass just a few days before. The white dots are planted bamboo seedlings. The yellow zone is Guadua angustifolia kunth also known as “cana brava” planted in a line about 1.5 years ago. The yellow circles on the top of the image are Dendrocalamus asper also known as “giant bamboo” which has been planted on the top terrace. What seems flat is actually a very steep mountain (100 meters altitude difference).

Birdview of MachuPichu Terraces at PermaTree in Ecuador.
Birdview of MachuPichu Terraces at PermaTree in Ecuador.

What you see is the MachuPichu zone of 2 hectares in size which has been terraced back in 2008. Initially this zone was 50% cacao CCN-51 monocrop and 50% elephant grass for pasture of cows for cattle ranching.

CCN-51 CACAO

“Coleccion Castro Naranjal (CCN-51) was created in the 1970s by Homer U. Castro in Ecuador. This variety did not become widely planted in Ecuador until the 1997-98 El Niño event which wiped out a great deal of Nacional crop, and the losses suffered by Nacional growers during this period prompted many to switch to CCN-51”.

CCN-51 Cacao is a cultivar famous for its extremely high yields and its poor flavor characteristics. Most CCN-51 cacao beans are used for the mass-production of products like cocoa butter and “candy bars” heavily laced with milk, sugar, and other additives. Widespread throughout Ecuador due to its high productivity.

Elephant Grass

A species of perennial tropical grass native to the African grasslands. Widespread throughout the tropics due to its high productivity. Causes soil compaction. Reduction of topsoil and soil nutrient. Cattle ranching is expanding in all amazon region and one of the main causes of deforestation of endemic tropical forest. Elephant grass pasture monoculture poses a serious threat to the fragile tropical mega bio-diverse ecosystem.

Conclusion

So the MachuPichu zone was a typical example of local use land since the 60s till almost today in this so unique mega bio-diverse tropical mountain rain forest region in Ecuador. So the decision was made to transform this into something truly regenerative and multi-useful.

  1. First the terraces where made because its extremely steep. Now we have a great access to the top of MachuPichu directly from the bamboo house.
  2. All terraces have been reinforced with vetiver grass as bioengineering tool to control damage by extreme tropical rainfall such as erosion landslides and overall loss of top soil. The vetiver also helps to enhance the soil microorganism due to the deep root activity
  3. Another implemented on site solution where road access horizontal drainage canals (50 cm width) located at the inner side of the access road. Also vertical canals (25 cm width) from top to bottom of the terrain. These vertical canals where hand dug every 25 meters from the top terrace till the bottom. They help to break down the quantity of drainage water after tropical rainfall, which is literally A lot of water in very short amount of time.

Now that access was truly improved and the terraces have been reinforced and the extreme rainfall was under control. It was time to focus on a general solution to enhance bio-diversity again and additionally find a solution for all the different surrounding neighbors which are still with pasture monoculture on CNN-51 monoculture managed with pesticides.

Long term solution: Bamboo

Having transplanted more than 1000 bamboo seedlings at Permatree since 2016 the idea to work with bamboo on “MachuPichu” was not so far away. There have been more than a few learnings which differ from theory but that was to expect. It was also interesting to see how well the bamboo can adapt and grow with this red clay soil (Ultisol) compared to other fruit trees. In some parts of the red clay soil even the vetiver grass had difficulties to grow because of the high iron amount in the soil. Bamboo is amazing. Once you have all the relevant knowledge about bamboo and the uses you will be speechless. 

Overview of the planted zones with diverse bamboo all over PermaTree
Overview of the planted zones with diverse bamboo all over PermaTree

The bamboo reforestation is a long-term transformation process which was started at PeermaTree back in March 2016 (History). Until today over 1000 diverse bamboo seedlings have been successfully transplanted over a area of about 10 hectares. Now

Transporting bamboo 1 year old bamboo seedlings from the nursery to MachuPichu

So on this saturday 25th july 2020, we have managed to plant 57 bamboo plants! 44 Guadua angustifolia and 5 Dendrocalamus asper and 8 Phyllostachys.

Additionally to the bamboo reforestation we have been able to identify local shrubs and trees that attract insects and birds because of their flowers. They are growing all over the areas so the seeds have been lying in the soil for some time and now they are sprouting. And they attract more bio-diversity. The bamboo does the same thing for the birds and reptiles.

Bamboo and Fauna

Bamboo offers many important resources to animals, including food (seeds, shoots, leaves, insects, etc.), and cover from enemies. There are two main properties that the bamboo provides that attract birds. Firstly, the shoots and leaves provide birds with good nesting material, while the plants themselves are an excellent source of cover, protecting the birds from predators and the weather elements. When you plant bamboo you enhance your local biodiversity.

More photos of bamboo and how it enhances biodiversity in especially fauna like birds and reptiles (snakes). Flickr photo album with wildlife birds in bamboo. Also you can check the iNaturalist profile to see all the identified species of the flora and fauna at Permatree Wildlife Conservation in Ecuador.

This region is one of the very few last remaining MEGA biodiversity hot spots of the planet earth because of its remote location and also its a natural wildlife corridor from the great amazon basin to the Andes Mountains range for the remaining wildlife.

Identified Wildlife on Bamboo at Permatree in Ecuador

Permatree Superfoods Presentation

Our operation of regeneration within the production territory with Permatree Superfoods is advancing despite the global challenging situation with COVID19 and the global warming… The last PTSF blog update was in back March 2020 and now its all-ready 13th of July 2020, time flies. As of today we have created our presentation material where you can get a much better understanding of what, why and of course how we are going to do it.

Just in case you have forgotten what PTSF is about. Our mission is to create added value superfoods from: dehydrated seda banana and orito banana, turmeric powder, coffee, raw-chocolate, soursop and guayusa leaf teas. 

Because we are working this on a holistic level it seems slightly more complex at the beginning to understand how we are enhancing the entire horizontal value chain. From the seeds to the transformed added value – superfoods.

In case you want to stay up-to-date on a daily basis you can follow our twitter or instagram too.

Plant Construction Status

In the meantime the construction of the transformation plant for tropical fruits, seeds and vegetables is also well visible from the bird view as you can see yourself. The area itself is not greater than 0.66 hectare in size. But the location is perfect on the main nacional road *Troncal Amazonico E45* connecting us to Loja or Cuenca and from there to Guayaquil or Quito. This drone footage was taken about 1 month ago. Our construction team has been working now since 27 days and its challenging of course with the tropical climate but the transformation is well visible. We are on schedule. Currently we are working 22 day shifts.

Business opportunities – Trade Shows

Due to the COVID19 situation all the existing trade shows have been canceled and some have been reactivated virtually. We have been able to all-ready present the PERMATREE SUPERFOODS innovation at the ECUADOR FOOD FAIR – I Virtual Edition 2020. The first Interactive Food Fair of Ecuador organized by ProEcuador and Fedexpor. Tomorrow the 14 of July we will be present at the ExpoAlemania.com #ExpoVirtualAlemania organized by all the latam German Chambers of Commerce Abroad (AHKs) – which are promoting international trade.

The Presentation

Now the information has been prepared for you in various media channels. According to the latest research video content engages most. So below you will find a striped down video version of about 2 minutes for all of you who have no time to waste and are in a hurry.

Video: PERMATREE SUPERFOODS

2 min video duration

YouTube – Permatree Superfoods Presentation (2 min)

Now personally Im not really a big fan of videos … because most of the youtube-videos now a days are just way to long and not really relevant information. So I prefer a slideshow. Below is our 33 page slideshow in English language. There is also a powerpoint-version but with 45MB it’s just way too heavy in data size.

Slideshow: PERMATREE SUPERFOODS

6 min text read

SlideShare slideshow of Permatree Superfoods (33 pages)

And well for those few who do like to read articles here comes the content as classic article with text and lots of images with more text :-).
Enjoy.


PERMATREE SUPERFOODS

Holistic + Regenerative + Transparent

PERMATREE SUPERFOODS = Holistic + Regenerative + Transparent
website: superfoods.permatree.org | Email and Tel only visible in the image

A VISION FOR A BRIGHTER FUTURE

While the planet earth and our bodies fall victim to destruction, we find hope and solutions in regeneration. Through our holistic business model that values the interconnectedness of all things, and with more than just organic farming methods, we envision a better and brighter future for all living things. It starts here in the Amazon, with a gift from the planet itself – nature’s Superfoods.

THE SUPERFOODS

The Superfoods: Dehydrated bananas, Ginger, Turmeric, Soursop-Tea, Guayusa-Tea, Raw-chocolate and Coffee
The Superfoods: Dehydrated bananas, Ginger, Turmeric, Soursop-Tea, Guayusa-Tea, Raw-chocolate and Coffee

We have chosen to start with superfoods which we have been consuming ourselves that are rich in nutrients and enhance our health. Also of which we know that they grow well in our mostly extreme tropical humid micro-climate at the edge of the amazon basin in Ecuador.

ABOUT OUR COMPANY

SUPERFOODS TO THE RESCUE

SUPERFOODS TO THE RESCUE - Its Time to Fix A Very Broken System

Its Time to Fix A Very Broken System

OUR VALUES

  • Holistic – We care for everything and everyone along the entire production process.
  • Ethical – We make conscientious choices in all we do.
  • Altruistic – Creating a better quality life for everyone is part of our business model.
  • Regenerative – Beyond sustainable, we’re healing and transforming territories.
  • Transparent – 100% trust because we’re super proud of everything we’re doing.

Three Guys With a Vision, and On a Mission.

PermaTree SuperFoods is a independent startup, based in the Amazon basin of  Ecuador, founded by three visionary entrepreneurs sick and tired of the outdated agriculture-to-market system that oppresses the family farmer and lies to the consumers. We think everyone deserves better – those who are producing food, those who are eating it, as well as the many creatures and lands  that are silently affected in the process of exploitive, conventional systems.

We want to be the most conscientious, ethical, and empowering company to cultivate nutritious, health enhancing, Superfoods from the Amazon through transparent processes and regenerative agriculture. We want our holistic business model to be the force behind territorial transformation that creates thriving social, economic, and environmental situations for all. We believe we can reverse the damage, enhance the soil with flora and fauna
to bring back a natural equilibrium, and cultivate a brighter future.

Meet The Guys

Permatree Superfood’s Founders

Meet The Guys - PERMATREE SUPERFOODS FOUNDERS

Walter Villacis, CEO
Experience in socio-organizational federations small producers and public / private companies in Ecuador. Focused on the standard- ization of value-added processes with organic certification, commercialization and export.
Linkedin : Walter Villacis

Jago Jan Veith, COO
Experience in SMB, Fortune 500 and mHealth startup. Focusing on innovation in e-commerce, marketing and communication. Passion: regenerative disruption by applying innovation processes to create a better world in the future.
Linkedin : Jago Jan Veith

Danny Carrillo, DPR
Experience in entrepreneurship and family businesses in the agriculture industry and public companies / private SMEs in Ecuador. Focused on coordination between ministries, organizations and producers related to productive value-added systems in the territory.
Linkedin : Danny Carrillo

Our Company Timeline

Our Company Timeline
PERMATREE SUPERFOODS S.A., was created on November 6, 2019, as recorded in the commercial register of the Canton Yantzaza in Ecuador under registration number 45, repertoire 1544 of the Companies register.

DEEP IN THE AMAZON OF ECUADOR

DEEP IN THE AMAZON OF ECUADOR
Birdview of PermaTree Superfoods and the Finca Yantza

Our Interconnected System

Everything Within The Territory

Growing

We grow our own raw ingredients on our farm, as well as work with 400+ family farmers who use our systematic regenerative farming model. This allows us to know exactly what we are producing from it’s very start and to empower other locals to better their farming methods,territory, lifestyle, and economy

Harvesting

Because we handle every step of the process on site, we harvest at the idea moment as we don’t have to worry about lenghty transport and storage logistics. This allows us to use higher quality ingredients at their freshest point and have direct insight to how our crops and orchards are doing

Processing

We own and operate our own processing plant on site where we use processes that maintain the purity and nutrition of our raw ingredients so we can provide  REAL Superfoods that maintain their health benefits – something our competitors are not doing.

Packaging

We pack on site too. We use minimal packaging that preserves the integrity and freshness of our products. All products are marked with a QR code that when scanned, link to videos related to each specific product providing more detailed information.

Exporting

Directly from the same location, we ship out our products nationally and export internationally. From start to finish, we handle the entire production process of our Superfoods.

The highest quality Superfoods from the Amazon; grown in micro-lots, from a unique single origen, minimally processed, packaged to preserve freshness, and shipped directly to you.

Behind The Scenes of our Raw Cacao Chocolate

Behind The Scenesof our Raw Cacao Chocolate

Transformation of Territory & Healthier Living For All

We integrate regenerative ideas into everything we do,
from the seeds we grow to the cells in your body.

Our farming and production process is regenerating healthy environments, economies, and communities.

  • Regenerative and organic farming methods create healthy ecosystems allowing biodiversity to thrive.
  • Keeping the entire production process on-site, creates more jobs and new business opportunities for locals.
  • Organic farming jobs allows locals to choose a healthier industry to support – versus the common destructive mining industry.
  • More family farms means more families can stay together, creating a healthier lifestyle.

We produce superfoods that are delicious and nutritious that support the regeneration of cells in your body.

  • Our farming methods are 100% clean and natural, without the use of agrochemicals, zero pesticides, zero herbicides and zero chemical fertilizers
  • We don’t add sugar nor ANY preservatives during our food  processing, which means nothing harmful for your body.
  • We use processing methods that preserve the nutrition of these Superfoods so that your can enjoy the full health benefit of each one.

BUSINESS BREAKDOWN

Strategic Goals

Our five strategic objectives and development strategies in the region are:

HOLISTIC TRANSFORMATION
Transform territory to enhance environment, economy, and society. To work across the value chain in a transparent way with direct and indirect actors. Focus on the beneficial properties of health and well-being.

WORK WITH FAMILY FARMERS
Develop the production of raw material in collaboration with 400 family farmers with a focus on micro-lots of single origin from the southern territories of the Ecuadorian Amazon.

RESCUE & RESTORE CULTURE
Rescue and restore the local multicultural identity, focusing on gastronomy, history, culture and ancient medicine.

GO BEYOND ORGANIC
To go beyond just organic with our vertically intergrated, interconnected, and holistic system, and regenerative agriculture model. No agrochemicals: zero pesticides, zero herbicides and zero chemical fertilizers.

EDUCATION & COMMUNICATION
Total transparency to build trust with skeptical consumers. Communicate clearly and precisely to educate, inform, and inspire consumers and buyers.

5 Hemispheric Programs

  1. Bioeconomy and Productive Development.
  2. Territorial Development and Family Farming.
  3. International Trade and Regional Integration.
  4. Climate Change, Natural Resources, and Productive Risk Management.
  5. Agricultural Health, Safety and Food Quality.
  • Gender and Youth
  • Innovation and Technology

Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals
Our business model satisfies all 17 United Nation’s SDGs.
Take a moment to enjoy our view...
Take a moment to enjoy our view…

Principles of Administrative Management

We operate with well organized, professional administration and management.
We operate with well organized, professional administration and management.

Organizational Flowchart

Organizational Flowchart
Organizational Flowchart

Legal Permits and Accreditation

Legal Permits and Accreditation
Legal Permits and Accreditation

Certifications and Quality Seals

Certifications and Quality Seals
Certifications and Quality Seals

Monthly Production Capacity

Monthly Production Capacity
Monthly Production Capacity

Our Unique Products SUPERFOODS Straight From The Amazon

BANANITOS - Dehydrated banana slice, dice
BANANITOS – Dehydrated banana slice, dice

TURMERIC

Amazing Antioxidant & Anti-Inflammatory Powder

TURMERIC Powder
TURMERIC Powder

GINGER

Dynamic DNA Damage Prevention Powder

GINGER
GINGER

Soursop Tea

Soursop Tea (Annona muricata)
Soursop Tea (Annona muricata)
From The Amazon Straight to Your Cup
From The Amazon Straight to Your Cup

Guayusa Tea

Guayusa Tea - contain L-theanine, theobromine and caffeine
Guayusa Tea – contains L-theanine, theobromine and caffeine

Raw Chocolate

Raw Chocolate (Theobroma cacao)
Raw Chocolate (Theobroma cacao)

Coffee

Coffee
Coffee – Mood & Brain Boosting

Guadua Bamboo Reforestation at PermaTree in Ecuador

Transformation by bamboo reforestation

Since January 2020 we have been weekly and daily planting a handful of bamboos within the so denominated “MachuPichu” zone near the main PermaTree bamboo house. Before January 2020 we transplanted larger areas with bamboo and amounts of bamboo plants in 5-10 days in a row. But with a team of 5 persons helping on site here at Finca Yantza in PermaTree, Ecuador.

How are we approaching the reforestation? Are we reforesting all the 80Has? Or half of it? Hell no. We are selecting zones. Which are critical. Those zones can be lined up plants or “pata gallina” triangular (A-Shape 3 plants. Next V-shape 3 plants. etc. ) to densify the reforestation effect. Lets call it a smarter approach than reforesting 50’000 seedlings on 50Has area. Why? Well actually we are just helping nature to do it’s job. But slightly designing it… This is also sometimes called “assisted natural regeneration strategy” or “applied nucleation”. Also “tree islands”. This which involves planting only a very small number of seedlings that attract birds and other seed dispersers, which can spread seeds around the tree islands / zones. Gradually, these tree islands turn into intact diverse forests. Additionally we have been able to identify local trees that attract birds because of their flowers which are growing all over the areas so the seeds have been lying in the soil for some time and now they are sprouting.

Now that there are only a very few uf us left here. Normally 1 or 2 persons which have time for the transplanting of seedlings, the process is fragmented over a much larger amount of time. But never less we don’t stop. This is a long-term transformation process which was started back in March 2016 (History). Until today over 1000 diverse bamboo seedlings have been successfully transplanted. Aside to the more than 6000 diverse tropical fruit trees. All in various selected more or less accesible areas of 0,25 to 1.25 Has in size.

Long-term Transformation

The process takes some time. First the bamboo plants need to have a size and a amount of leafs to be able to survive within their new natural soundings once transplanted. This generally means thats the seedling will be taken care off for about 12 month before being transplanted at its final destination. Depending on the bamboo species, after the duration of 12 month the seedling is already over 150cm tall. Before the final transplanting act we need to clean the area where the whole will be dug for the seedling. The area around the hole needs to be cleaned from other plants so that the seedling will receive enough sun rays to grow fast. This takes time and needs to be repeated during the first 12 month after transplanting the seedling. Normally ever 2-4 weeks depending what seeds are trying to sprout from the soil. 

Birdview of the bottom part of the farm. All orange areas have bamboo. Yellow are is MachuPichu with pink circles representing one bamboo plant.

Bamboo reforestation status Jan to 14st May 2020

  • 10 Feb 2020 – Reforestation with bamboo! Here goes another giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper)
  • 23 Feb 2020 – More Guadua angustifolia “caña brava” transplanting 
  • 24 Feb 2020 – 14 bamboo transplanted in degraded cattle farming land
  • 18 March 2020 – Transplanting more Guadua angustifolia kunth brava
  • 29 March 2020 – Another day transplanting bamboo
  • 29 April 2020 – 10 bamboo plants
  • 7 May 2020 –  Total 9 plants: Moso bambú, Phyllostachys nigra, Fargesia robusta campbell
  • 10 May 2020 – 6 plants: Dendrocalamus asper, Moso bambú, Phyllostachys nigra, Fargesia robusta campbell
  • 14 May 2020 – Reforested a total of 9 bamboos 
Lowest part of the MachuPichu zone with Bamboo (Guadua angustifolia Kunth) on terraces.

Cattle farming

Cattle farming have caused extensive environmental damage in the amazon basin. And over-grazing of cattle, has been a significant cause of soil degradation. Step by step we are transforming this again into a microorganism enhances tropical humid soil. 

Reforestation with Bamboo

I have noticed that reforestation is not a big topic at all. It should be. There is no reforestation program I know of in Ecuador. Its not because it would not be needed. Yearly deforestation is at its all time high. Its just – not – yet a priority for anybody. Once there is no more fresh air. Like already know in the local cities. Time will make the people plants trees again. Time will tell. I believe. Never-less I also believe its key to talk about reforestation and spread the word. With bamboo its slightly faster – after waiting the 6 years till the bamboo plant is mature. And 30% of its trunks can be harvested, ideally at good moon, so it will last for very very long. Also don’t forget that harvesting the mature bamboo trunks (30%) will give the bamboo plant more energy again for young shoots. Its a cicle. 

Why do we at PermaTree believe that bamboo is much more than “only bamboo”?

Bamboo is amazing. Once you have all the relevant knowledge about bamboo and the uses you will be speechless. 

Did you know the following general bamboo facts?

  • Bamboo is technically a grass although you’ve likely seen it mistakenly described as a wood due to its tree-like appearance
  • Bamboo is extremely diverse, there are 1575 Bamboo species across five continents
  • Produces 30% more oxygen than the average tree 
  • Some bamboo shoots are edible. A common ingredients in stir-frys, soups, spring rolls, dumplings, and lots of other savory dishes.
  • Medicinal: Bamboo resin, leaves, and shavings are said to have medical uses for respiratory and digestive illnesses, fevers, and inflammation. In general, being around Bamboo reduces anxiety/stress and may decrease depression.
  • (co2 sequestration) How fast a plant grows has a part in determining how much CO2 it can absorb in a given time. One hectare (100×100 meters) of “moso bamboo” species can store up to 250 tons of carbon. 
  • It enhances biodiversity by giving new spaces to all kind of fauna such as birds, snakes and microorganisms which are linked to the bamboo root network. There is even a specific bamboo mushroom.
  • Bamboo plants prevent erosion on hillsides 
  • Bamboo requires no chemicals to thrive
  • History: Bamboo played a role in one of the first light bulbs that Thomas Edison initially created. Edison and his colleagues discovered that a carbonized bamboo filament in a light bulb could last over 1,200 hours. This led to the start of large-scale manufactured light bulbs in the year 1880
  • History: Bamboo was used in Alexander Graham Bell’s first phonograph in 1880. The first phonograph needle was made out of Bamboo. 
  • Bamboo actually has a tensile strength greater than steel.
  • Bamboo Is Naturally Antibacterial. Bamboo and cotton were tested for how much bacteria they killed over a 24-hour period, and the bamboo killed nearly all of the bacteria, while the cotton did not kill any.

Poda de pasto vetiver

The pruning of the vetiver grass at its right time works like a carbon bomb

Like with many other elements within the PermaTree farm we are using vetiver grass, within systems such as the Adaptive Contour and Erosion Control with Vetiver grass and Arachis Pintoi. As usual the more one element can be interconnected with other elements and create more functions. The more value every single element will bring on a macro scale. Our goal is always to be able to stack elements of high value to get a final function of even higher value. Obviously the goal is that all those systems work self sustainably and are ideally regenerative.

Video: Pruning Vetiver Grass

Pruning of vetiver fences up to a height of 30 to 50 cm. prevents these from giving seeds, makes them thicker and consequently more effective in filtering runoff water and erosion.

At the ende of the day vetiver gras is being used at PermaTree in Ecuador for the following use-cases:

  • Crop fertilization with pruned vetiver grass (contains minerals)
  • Erosion control – bioengineering
  • Phytoremediation of water and soil contaminated by heavy metals, hydrocarbons, agrochemicals, and other pollutants.
  • Keep in mind vetiver has more than 1000 uses (construction materials, forage for livestock, landscaping and ornamentals, mulch, compost, veneer, fiber board, ash for concrete work, and insecticide)

Transplanting Vetiver Grass

Vetiver

Vetiver as Photosynthetic Energy Accumulator

Seeing vetiver grass as a “photosynthetic energy accumulator”, both on the ground in the form of plant biomass and under the ground as a creator of fertility due to the fixation of organic carbon, through the decomposition of its roots and the creation of Microbiological networks, we wonder how we can obtain the greatest amount of energy through its pruning or cutting.

1 Year Old Adult Vetiver Grass

vetiver grass 1 year old

Pruning Adult Vetiver Grass

recently pruned vetiver grass

The Logic behind the Pruning the Vetiver Grass

When vetiver grass grows, it reaches a maximum growth point (2 meters), where it stops growing and prepares for flowering and planting. There is the ideal time for its cut, since its roots have also been expressed as much as possible under the ground. In terms of energy saving, the grass, being pruned aerially, immediately cuts its roots, releasing all fertility to the soil. Then, we let the grass grow to its maximum potential, so that it accumulates or “captures” the maximum carbon (load) and then we cut it (it is unloaded). This works like a two-phase carbon pump, with a charge pulse and a discharge pulse.

vetiver
Vetiver

Certificación Buenas Prácticas Agrícolas

Certification of Good Agricultural Practices (BAP by its acronym in Spanish) Yantza Farm – PermaTree

Yantza Farm – PermaTree obtained the Certificate of Good Agricultural Practices (BPA) from the Ministry of Agriculture with the register Nr. EC-Z-05-53-PA-G-2019-067 for the following crops: Soursop (Annona Muricata L), Guineo Ceda, Ilex Guayusa and Turmeric (Curcuma longa) on Friday, October 4, 2019.

Good Agricultural Practices or BPAs according to the Ministry of Agriculture “They are a set of principles, standards and technical recommendations applicable to the production, processing and transport of food” with the aim of improving food quality, in order to improve the health of families who consume these foods, take care of the environment and improve the quality of life of workers and their families.

BPAs are important because people are more interested in the traceability and transparency of the origin of their food.

Among the main problems of not having BPA is that food produced may contain residues of agrochemicals, such as herbicides or insecticides, can carry diseases or pests that have some negative effect on the consumers of these foods Contaminated. Unsure of the provenance of our food, farmers will sell fewer products and their income will be reduced.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture, there are 3 fundamental pillars of BPAs:

  1. Food safety: Ensure that food is free from physical, chemical and biological hazards. 
  2. Quality and environmental management: Ensure the care of water, soil, native plant species, beneficial insects and natural sweeps.
  3. Occupational safety: To seek the health of farmers, the proper use of protective tools and equipment, training on the importance of their work in the field.

Why be BPA?

By being BPA certificated we can obtain better quality and healthier products for consumers, it guarantees the health and well-being of workers. Children from working families can go to school, production becomes sustainable over time and you have the opportunity to reach more competitive markets.

You can also have better control over the production of the farms. With better quality food yields are improved, farmers can improve their income, improving their quality of life.

Steps to obtain BPA

  1. History of the agricultural production unit and land selection
  2. Properly prepare the soil to prevent degradation and washing
  3. Plan the planting of crops and establish them
  4. Perform maintenance and care during the production cycle
  5. Fertilization to add nutrients to the soil to improve production
  6. Perform integrated pest management (IPM)
  7. Control the quality of water entering crops
  8. Properly handle products in harvest, transport and post-harvest.
  9. Keep production areas clean and disinfected
  10. Provide well-being and care to workers.
  11. Protecting and maintaining natural resources
  12. Traceability system, documentation and records for transparent processes.

Information obtained from AGROCALIDAD in Ecuador.

BPA at Yantza Farm – PermaTree

It is important to understand that organic production systems are the most natural and sustainable in time, as they are the closest thing to nature. these systems use natural resources and do not use chemicals that affect biodiversity and the balance of productive areas.

The Yantza Farm – PermaTree, is the first farm in the province of Zamora Chinchipe. Being an organic and permaculture farm, it aims to make consumers know what production processes are like. From the selection of plants that are sown, in this case soursop, which is the largest crop, to the process of added value and packaging of the products.

An important part of the estate is also the holistic approach it has. It is understood that the entire system is related and it is important to protect and maintain each of the elements of the system, from the smallest insects and microorganisms in the soil, to the larger animals such as the birds and trees that give shelter to them.

By implementing BPAs, you seek to obtain the best production results, taking care of the plants and giving them the necessary resources naturally for them to produce continuously. However, the most important thing is to get quality products and not necessarily quite poor-quality harvest.

The soil handling is a bit complex, as the area is not completely flat. Erosion is a big problem. With the large amount of rain that this area has, the soil is washed and the productive part is lost. For the management of this have been chosen to make terraces at level, every 5 meters to facilitate the planting and management of crops.

The use of plant toppings is important to reduce the impact of rain on the soil. For this it was chosen to use forage peanuts, as it is an excellent nitrogen fixer, resists trampling and is good at colonizing areas, thus reducing the spread of weeds.

Vetiver has also been planted on the edges of the terraces to prevent them from moving. The roots of the vetiver can grow up to 15 m, and this helps to hold the earth.

Near the productive areas are planted different native plants with flowering that attract insects. This in order to conserve native species, both flora and fauna, since insects help pollination, obtaining better results in production and quality.

For weed control, it is fumigated with urea, which is toxic in large quantities only for grasses. This applies when grasses start to appear again and make it difficult for other plants to grow

In this way, the PermaTree farm implements BPA’s, always taking into account the component, productive, economic and above all, environmental.


Coffee harvesting at Don Vitaliano Merino

Saturday Minga August 24, 2019

The goal of our minga last Saturday, was to harvest 1 quintal (45kg) of coffee cherries. In Sangre de toro (Red, ripe). To prepare a micro-batch of special coffee, double fermentation, of unique origin. There where a total 9 people helping with the collection of ripe cherries. Later on those same coffee beans will be transformed into coffee and sold at Tipikas Coffee in Zamora.

The climate change of the last 12 months is visible. There was a lot of winter, too much rainfall, compared to the previous years. That impacted the production volume in negative. And it also delayed the harvest. There is a visible presence in the leaves of iron excess (orange leaves) and nitrogen (fallen leaves). Well, we had a presence of rain during the whole coffee cherry picking activity.

While we harvested the ripe coffee cherries from the selected pink bourbon plot, we figured that it works to have good communication in each group of coffee pickers. So that small and very important details can be improved which help gain more value in a single-origin coffee. For example not having the stem in the cherry, overripe grains, with good cherries, leaves either, green grains, yellow-red varieties cannot be mixed and the plant or branch cannot be broken either.

Basic Farm Information:

Finca la Victoria, Inbana, Production Family: Don Vitaliano Merino

  • Location: 3 hours from the city of Loja in Zamora-Chinchipe
  • Climate: Humid tropical montane forest, 1750 m.s.n.m
  • Coffee: 8 hectares, 20’000 plants, coffee varieties: Pink Bourbon, Osidra, Tipica, Caturra, Catuai
  • African bees: Active honey production
  • Other fruit and crops: sugar cane, Lemon, Mandarin, Granadilla, Raspberry, Pineapple, Quince, Blackberry, Morera, Aracacha and vegetables in the garden. Like laurel, Chinese potato, sango, potatoes and sweet potato.
  • Flowering trees: Avocado, Soursop, Arayan, Guabo, Sungana, Guayacan, Raft, Lumas and Peaks.

Antioxidants

Did you know that one of the benefits of coffee beans is that they contain an antioxidant called chlorogenic acid (CGA) in addition to other antioxidants?

Raw beans contain roughly 9% CGA by weight, which can help with weight loss and is a neuroprotectant. Coffee beans also help reduce inflammation, which is associated with a number of health concerns. In addition, the caffeine in coffee beans provides benefits such as reducing headaches.

Understanding these health benefits can help coffee-drinkers appreciate more than just the taste of their next cup of java.

Reduced Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

By drinking caffeinated coffee, without sweetener, on a regular basis, one can potentially reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The reduced risk is associated with drinking multiple cups, as many as six a day. It is believed that the antioxidants, such as CGA, found in coffee beans are at least partially responsible for these lower rates. According to some studies, CGA may even help keep insulin levels even.

Whole Coffee Process

The entire coffee production will be explained in another future blog article. In the meantime you can have a look at this infographic which does the job pretty well too IMHO.

Infographic: Journey of the bean
Tipikas Coffeeshop Zamora PermaTree in Ecuador

Tipikas Coffee shop in Zamora

The PermaTree family is growing. As true holistic organization we focus on the entire transparent value chain. From the farm to the shop where the added value products can be purchased. This is why we are now collaboration with Tipikas Coffee Shop in the capital of Zamora-Chinchipe. This is literally brand new.

This will be the store front for all PermaTree added value products. Such as Soursop-Tea, Soursop-ice-cream and Soursop-pulp. Also Guayusa-Tea and Raw-Chocolate. Naturally all from our Finca Yantza. More than just organic. Using no agrochemicals: zero pesticides, zero herbicides and zero chemical fertilizers.

So far Danny Carillo and Walter Villacis which are highly experienced in the field of organic coffee: From processing in the field, harvesting, selecting, drying, milling, roasting the to final coffee cup. Both are experts in coffee international brewing methods.

Did you know that the way a coffee is picked, processed, dried and stored has a huge impact on the longevity of the green coffee based, measured by the degradation of the flavor of a coffee over time? The best-case scenario is that coffee is used within two-to-four weeks from roasting for peak flavor. Coffee should be stored in a cool, dry space and away from direct sunlight. Once opened, it’s best to use the coffee within a two-week period for highest quality coffee results.

Photo: Fresh espresso coffee
International Brewing methods

Available coffee in serving with many international Brewing methods: French press (France), Moka (Italy), Espresso (Italy), Chemex (USA) and Hario V60 (Brazil)

Opening hours Monday to Saturday from 10:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m

Location: Hernando de Benavente y Av. Paquisha. In front of the House of Culture of Zamora near the Zamora River and the Malecon. Zamora-Chinchipe. Ecuador

Sitting in the outside patio and drinking a espresso with some zamorian friends.

We have been lucky with the location. Its not as loud as in other places. We have the House of Culture in front of the Coffeeshop which is ideal.

The coffee shop is well visible from the road.

Transplanting giant bamboo permatree amazon ecuador

Massive Reforestation with Giant Bamboo

Friday the 2nd August 2019 we just finalized a massive reforestation on a old and steep pasture field with giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper). This is a extremely steep hill part of the farm. The giant bamboo will also help fight erosion. Additionally it has been planted so that it will create a tunnel pathway of about 150 meters. Most likely well visible in 2022 (3 years in future).

Microorganism

We have already planted vetiver grass in this part so the microorganisms are activated. This should help boost the bamboo growth speed even more.

Bamboo Reforestation

Total 73 giant bamboo plants have been transplanted after 3 days of work. Planted in 6x6x6 meters triangular. The plants are already huge as you can see in some photos. It was time to transplant them. This will attract many birds they love to have their nests within the bamboo. So do some endemic snakes too. There is space for all. Increasing biodiversity with bamboo. Next step plant more endemic flowers in that area. This is food for the birds and endemic stingless bees 

Exploring Existing Bamboo Operation in Coastal Ecuador

Finally I have been able to invest some time into visiting and exploring some of the existing bamboo related operations in costal Ecuador. With some help of INBAR (International Bamboo and Ratan Org) and also directly via Social Media, I was able to get some good contacts. So Sunday 7th of July 2019 I started this endeavor into unknown places. 🙂 We could also call this blog article “La Ruta del Bambu en la Costa de Ecuador” … in English: “The bamboo Road in Coastal Ecuador”. The goal of this is to bring some insights and inspiration for all other people who care about true regenerative solutions for our near future. If you also like to get some more detail raw data about the current state of bamboo in Ecuador I recommend you to download this PDF – Ecuador: Estrategia Nacional del Bambú 2018-2022.

Starting in the capital of Ecuador, Quito.

CENBA

First planned stop was Central del Bambú Andoas (CENBA). Located in a small town, Andoas in Pedro Vicente Maldonado, a few hours away from Quito in a all-ready rather subtropical climate. This bamboo operation was initially funded with USD 200’000 by the Ministerio de Industrias y Productividad (MIPRO). Its is located in the province of Pichincha.

Now CENBA has a interesting background. It was created back in the time when there was enough rainforest which could be harvested and processed into whatever could be sold. Now a few years ago well they ran out of timber. There is less and less rainforest which is accesible and can be harvested making profit. Its not only in the coastal region of Ecuador its the same situation in the amazon region of Ecuador. Anyway so the local municipality decided to focus on bamboo.

And because of this decision, lots of giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper) was planted in this region. It does grow very well. Currently, in the northwest of Quito area there are a more than 1000 hectares of giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper)!

But being a state organization, CENBA has not yet been able to create a business with the bamboo operation, yet.

Never-less they have a impressive operation which I was able to visit and take photos of. The bamboo operation is complete from receiving harvested giant bamboo timber, industrial preservation, to different added value products. Such as furniture and also different types of bamboo lumber build from giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus asper). The Dendrocalamus asper is endemic to Asia but has adapted very will to this humid climate. Its the fastest growing plant on the planet. Beside its use for timber and construction the young shoots are edible.

The preservation of the giant bamboo was made with Borax and Boric Acid. I’v been told that the best output has been cooking the liquid with the bamboo. This makes the process faster.

The operation has all needed industrial machines on location. They are producing impressing bamboo lumber. Plain pressed and side pressed.

Twice a year, CENBA workshops are given to the inhabitants of the sector, on the use of bamboo, with the respective techniques for making furniture and crafts. In the last 4 years that the Center works with bamboo, around 700 people have been trained in a total of 22 workshops. CENBA has been working since 1988 and since 2014 is working 100% with bamboo.

Further informations: Ecuador cuenta con el único centro de procesamiento de bambú en Latinoamérica email: jmacias@pichincha.gob.ec

“Nu Tenka Pa’ Ki” Demonstrative Bamboo Farm

Next stop – the city of Santo Domingo de los Colorados a few hours away of the first stop. This demonstrative bamboo farm is called “Nu Tenka Pa’ Ki”. Its located about 30km outside of the city of Santo Domingo. Its on the main road. The total area is 31.74 hectares. This bamboo operation has one of the most impressive bamboo structures in size and finish of all Ecuador. There are 3 bigger bamboo structures. One was build after the other so one can analyze and see different solutions and improvements over time. At this demonstrative bamboo “farm” they host bamboo workshops. It is managed by the Provincial Government of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas. Total funded amount is USD 1’558’809.-

Obviously the most impressive part of this visit where the 3 huge bamboo structures. I had never seen such massive bamboo structures in real life before. Currently the construction cost are slightly higher than with common construction materials such as steel and reinforced concrete. This is probably because its not yet common to build in bamboo. Even more its still seen locally as the building solution for rural low income population. The last decades there has been lots of propaganda that every citizen should have a “real” brick house. So there is plenty of reparation work here. Still this demonstrative bamboo farm and the existence of the 3 bamboo structure shows there is again some mayor interest in alternative and regenerative bamboo constructions. Which is absolutely why I had to visit this place.

Similar to CENBA they have prepared the place for Bamboo treatment with Borax and Boric Acid. The difference is that they have build some huge concrete pools within the floor of the bamboo structure as you can see in the photos. They have the ability to heat up the liquid to speed up the bamboo treatment too. The difference from CENBA and “Nu Tenka Pa’ Ki” is the base material. Which in this case is Guadua angustifolia and not the giant bamboo.

The Guadua angustifolia is the endemic bamboo to South America. Supposingly when Christopher Columbus first looked at the coast of South America through his monocular he literally saw “giant grass”. Which most likely was Guadua angustifolia commonly known as Bamboo. Which he most likely didnt know about back then. Thus Christopher Columbus said – “If the grass is so huge most likely the people are giants too…” There may be some truth in this regarding the giants. In Ecuador several large skeletons have been recently found near Peruvian border (source more here).

Also the output in this bamboo operation is more of a educational one and not focused on added value products. There are a few bamboo furnitures which lay around but they have been build for educational purposes within bamboo workshops. During my visit there where something like 2 entire school classes who arrived at the location for a ongoing workshop. The “Nu Tenka Pa’ Ki” demonstrative bamboo farm is managed by the regional government.

Further informations: https://docplayer.es/65002473-Gobierno-autonomo-descentralizado-provincial-santo-domingo-de-los-tsachilas.html

Guambu

Next stop Pedernales visiting the bamboo collection of Juan Carlos Salazar, Guambu. Actually he not only has bamboo but also lots of producing fruit trees! Juan Carlos Salazar is one of the people I have meet which has a very strong knowledge about the Bamboo plants. This is not so common in Ecuador and normally there is only some superficial knowledge.

So I was really glad to get to know him and visit his bamboo collection on the farm near Jama not so far from Pedernales. Now Juan Carlos is also one of the very first in Ecuador to sell Bamboo Shoots stored in a glass with water and vinegar. Juan Carlos Salazar Guambu is a true renewable entrepreneur focusing on bamboo with his start-up.

Guambu has a specialized nursery with currently a variety of 50 bamboo species and about 100 tropical fruit trees.

Further informations: facebook.com/guambu78/ and WhatsApp 0994482278

Regeneration Field Institute

From Pedernales I traveled to Bahia de Caraquez which is located in the Province of Manabí. The city was founded on the sea, settled permanently in the current bay back in the days in March 1628. It still has some colonial look even after the last earthquake. In Bahia I met Lucas Oshun and Raisa Torres. Together we drove to the town of Chone where the Regeneration Field Institute farm is located. Lucas and Raisa have been active in the region building with bamboo since the last big earthquake. At the farm they hold trainings for international students and local builders in how to construct with caña guadua.

The farm house is a very unique bamboo building of two stories build in Guadua angustifolia and wooden floors. The roof is different than most local constructions. Its build with polyester tar paper torched down on top of caña picada and then traditional shingles on top of that. So from within looking to the roof you will only see Guadua which is definitively much sexier than the common metal or plastic roof-look. The ground floor is for meetings and the kitchen as well as a research lab. The top floors are rooms for sleeping. I’v spotted a few nice bamboo furniture on location. Near the main structure they are currently building another guest house. Structure is in Guadua and the wall are with cement. Which is indeed a good option IMHO. The floor of the guest house is also guadua and then about 5cm of cement on top.

If you like bamboo structures this is definitively a construction you should visit too. The Regeneration Field Institute Bamboo building was build by Ecuadorian Architect Robinson Vega from the Universidad Católica de Guayaquil. They are also building within the region small bamboo bus stations.

Further information: RegenerationfFieldInstitute.com

Mercado de Pescado de Manta

After Chone I headed to the coastal city of Manta and visited the local fishmarket “Playita Mía” at the beach. “Playita Mía de Tarqui” is a association, dedicated to seafood sales.

Now this was quite a surprise. I did not expect to find it. But I did. Its not a complex bamboo structure but still highly functional and huge. The structure is like a L from above. The roof is plastic fake tiles which is one of the cheapest and lightest options I believe. And yes there was plenty of fresh seafood. This bamboo structure was build in 2010 and they have space for 76 single seafood selling points.

Further information: Go to Manta and visit the “Playita Mía de Tarqui” mercado de marisco.

El Centro de Diseño de bambú (ICDF)

The Dos Mangas village is not so far from the well known coastal party town of Ecuador: Montañita. Its located in the Santa Elena Peninsula. There is even a Airport in Montañita for the very wealthy people of Guayaquil and Quito who have mansions in this area.

Here I was shown around by Architect Riccardo Mondello. Now this bamboo center was sponsored by the International Cooperation and Development Fund from Taiwan. Total funded amount was USD 1’500.000 during the initial 3 years. Most likely with some Foreign Publics political interest. Of Ecuador officially regarding Taiwan like a own state… So politics aside. The bamboo operation is very well equipped they have similar bamboo machinery like CENBA and EcoMateriales. They could produce added value products as seen on some photos. Currently this is not possible due to some local political situations. Never-less Riccardo has shared some business ideas with good potential IMHO regarding added value bamboo products.

One of the challenges in Latin America for bamboo products is that the asian bamboo products are normally always much cheaper in production and much more advances technologically. Currently in Ecuador all bamboo operations still focus on producing bamboo pressed panels. Plain pressed and side pressed. Meanwhile in Asia they have started making pulp-fiber out of the bamboo and pressing it into whatever form. It can be bamboo-timber for industrial frame or bamboo tubes made with bamboo fiber. Time will tell regarding added value bamboo products. But with bamboo its not only about that. There is food, there is the environmental improvement with bamboo plantations. There is just so much potential that focusing only on just one or a few thing seems just not extremely rudimentary. Check out some potential of bamboo in this older article here.

It was interesting to learn that the region of Dos Mangas is endemic to the Guadua angustifolia MANSA. This is the less known Guadua which has almost no thorns at all. So locally it is called Guadua MANSA which means “tame” bamboo because of the lack of thorns.

Also CENBA produces bamboo panels or timber from Dendrocalamus asper (Giant Bamboo) but at the Centro de Diseño de bambú (ICDF) they produce similar bamboo panels or bamboo timber but from Guadua angustifolia. So there are always different roads which lead to similar solutions. The bamboo operation EcoMateriales in Guayaquil also uses Guadua angustifolia.

Further information: https://www.santaelena.gob.ec/index.php/noticias-boletines-varias/967-nuevo-centro-de-diseno-del-bambu-esta-en-edificacion-en-dos-mangas

La Noble Guadùa

“La Noble Guadùa” is a community association in planting management, use, processing, transformation and marketing of Guadua angustifolia. It’s located in the town of Olon near Montañita. There facilities are slightly out of date but on the other hand they have some real artesanal bamboo crafting skills. They know how to work the Guadua. Which is not managed equally well by all bamboo actors. They also have all the setup for Bamboo treatment with Borax and Boric Acid.

Further informations: @lanobleguadua and facebook.com/lanobleguadua/

Bamboo Library of the Catholic University of Guayaquil (UCSG)

First Bamboo Documentation Center in Latin America, Guayaquil – Ecuador. They have introduced the first Bamboo Documentation Centre in Latin America, within the Faculty of Architecture and Design. This Center combines the traditional use of the guadua, used in building through technological innovations. The Bamboo Documentation Center receives bibliographic holdings which on the subject of bamboo have been compiled, preserved and increased with the donations from the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan (INBAR).

In the past three years, the Ecuadorian Institute of Intellectual Property (IEPI), after a global search, registered, in the patents and trademark office, various bamboo products considered innovative. – Three types of boards, which use bamboo as raw material called Guadua angustifolia Kunth. – Two transformation Processes, used in the previous products. – Two minor tools. – Two products fire resistant or retardant. These products were shipped to the Antarctica (Polar circle) where they are being subjected to tests, with excellent results to date. – It is worth mentioning that these are the first patents that the UCSG obtained based on Applied Research. Well at the Bamboo Library I met the Architect Robinson Vega again.

The bamboo building minimizes energy consumption, taking advantage of cross ventilation, shade and thermal insulation of the metal roof with polyurethane. Does not use air conditioning system, only 2 ceiling fans in reverse, expel hot air; more than two points of induced passive ventilation, arranged under the building, introduce fresh air into the interior. The foundation is made up of plinths, stone walls and reinforced concrete beams, on these rests the construction, formed by columns, beams and diagonals of round guadua, anchored to the foundation by means of black steel rods, embedded in the columns.

Further information: info@cu.ucsg.edu.ec and La caña guadua es la fuente de inspiración de los ecomateriales

EcoMateriales

This is the the bamboo research center / production development of the UCSG in Guayaquil. Managed by Architect Robinson Vega. The EcoMaterials research project was funded with USD 815’359.- by national Secretaría de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación (SENESCYT) and the Catholic University of Guayaquil (UCSG). From a bamboo research point of view this is THE place to visit. Quite interesting.

Currently Robinson is focused on researching the potential insulation and fire retardant properties of different natural fibers from agricultural waste when combined with bamboo fibers to make floor, wall, ceiling, roof, and sidewalk panels, a emergency accommodations for the Ecuadorian Navy in Antartica (south pole).

The Ecuadorian Antarctic Refuge is a research project subsidized by the Research and Development System of the Catholic University of Santiago de Guayaquil, which proposes the use of natural fibers discarded by agribusiness in the construction of two emergency shelters, with the objective of analyze the viability of these fibers as a building material in low-income housing.

Further information: @robinsondanilovegajaramillo and Refugio del Ecuador antártico

Bear Bamboo

Bear Bamboo is a start-up business from Belgica Aguilar. She is also truly fascinated of bamboo and is exploring the different business opportunities in Ecuador. Like Juan Carlos, Belgica is also one of the very first in Ecuador to create Bamboo Shoots stored in a glass with water and vinegar. She actually harvests the Giant Bamboo (Dencrocalamus asper) herself in the coastal region and processes it into the glass jar. It does taste very yummy. Currently it is still rather extremely difficult to obtain this kind of bamboo food in Ecuador. Additionally Belgica had a few other bamboo items like the bamboo sunglasses and the bamboo beer from Mexico. So this visit was like kind of Xmas and New Year in one moment 🙂

Further information: www.pieesecuador.com and @belgicaaguilar79 or WhatsApp 0993283652

Conclusion

Again. There is a lot of competition. I would recommend much more collaboration instead of competition. We believe that Collaboration clearly outperforms Competition. Never-less there is more than just plenty of potential here with the bamboo.